How Could This Have Happened?

Touring the Auschwitz and Birkenau sites requires a certain degree of numbness. As we trudged along the frosty ground with hundreds of other visitors we were confronted at every turn with signs and evidence of unspeakable acts. It wasn't enough for those responsible to shoot or gas the victims. No, the Nazis took things a few steps further. They tortured these people, starved them, labelled them, humiliated them, exploited them.



Who were the 1,300,000 human beings that died here?

Ninety per cent (1,100,000) were Jewish
140,000 - 150,000 were Polish
23,000 were Roma (gypsies)
15,000 were Soviet prisoners of war
25,000 were prisoners from other ethnic groups

The non-Jews were persecuted because they were: criminals, homosexuals, anti-social, religious, political prisoners (one might be classified as a political prisoner for something as simple as reading a resistance pamphlet).

cyclone b auschwitz

crematorium Auschwitz

Inside the remaining crematorium at Auschwitz

luggage auschwitz

The museum is filled with collected items from the victims such as this room of luggage.

auschwitz prosthetics

The room dedicated to children and their things was particularly harrowing to experience.

Auschwitz seemed small to me at first. John pointed out that if it seemed small it just showed how much they packed people in. Birkenau was more like what I expected: a vast open space (just over one square mile) with watchtowers and few buildings remaining. Here, the crematoriums have been destroyed, only their rubble remaining. Even this space seems small considering how many people were lost. Train tracks leading right up to and through the entrance gates remind us that from March 1942 most of the arrivals were gassed right away. There was no brick housing here for the prisoners, just crappy wooden buildings where they slept on wooden bunks. Disgusting.


I have no words to adequately express the sorrow I feel when I think about what happened here. It equally saddens me when I think about how few of the Nazis actually paid for their crimes. Read about things like Operation Paperclip (the British had a similar scheme) and tell me whether you think justice was done. As in much of life, politics excused many guilty people.

birkenau concentration camp

The vast, desolate remains of Birkenau concentration camp

birkenau concentration camp

birkenau train carbirkenau train memorial

Getting there: It's a mission! I feel very critical about the transportation situation given Auschwitz-Birkenau's popularity in the region. Yes, buses run from the station at Krakow Glowny but these (in November anyway) are minibuses holding less than 20 people. Be sure to buy your tickets for this bus before going to the platform - even if you are told you can buy tickets from the driver. The people who buy tickets inside get to board first and even though we were first in line, we almost didn't get a seat after waiting 40 minutes in the cold after the first bus was full. The other option is a train, though these take two hours (45 minutes more than the bus) and you'll still need to walk or take a taxi to the grounds. I'm told that tours from companies that operate out of the city often don't allow you enough time at the site.

My recommendation is to hire a car but if that isn't possible, the bus times from Krakow are as follows:
7.10, 7.50, 9.00, 9.20, 9.55, 10.20, 10.45, 11.00, 12.50, 13.25, 14.05, 14.35, 15.00, 16.00, 16.45 (others run until 19.30 but the grounds will be closed).

To get back, catch the train or minibus. If you go by train don't be alarmed when you reach a stop in the middle of nowhere, sit for ages and then start going in reverse. The train will then reach Glowny (if that's where it said it was going) after a stop or two. A taxi from Auschwitz back to Krakow costs 250-350 zlotys and could be a good option if you can get a minivan cab and split it five ways.

It is possible also to stay in Oswiecim overnight.

All that remains of Birkenau's crematoriums is rubble.

birkenau bunk beds

Imagine sleeping on these in the freezing cold.

memorial birkenau in english
The visit: You'll want to allow a full day for this trip. Guided tours run about every hour in different languages and you'll be given a headset to wear so you can hear the guide's voice without him having to shout. We thought it might not be so busy in November but it was very crowded and I imagine always is so be prepared for that. You'll walk through Auschwitz first, which is mostly a museum housed in a few of the thirty surviving brick buildings, before a bus will take you to Birkenau. Parking is available at both sites. There is also a cinema that shows a movie about the liberation of the camp for an additional fee but this was closed on the day we visited. At Birkenau the tour continues, though very little of this is indoors.

Have you ever visited a concentration camp? What are your thoughts on the experience?

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Lindsay Hartfiel
10 years ago

Very important topic. I visited Dachau 7 years ago and it was a very somber experience. Walking through such a place it’s hard to believe there is such evil in the world. It is something every person should do…you realize how fragile life is.

Very well said, Lindsay

10 years ago

Thank you for doing such an important post. It seems like as more time passes people’s memories fade and they forget the horrific acts that happened in concentration camps. Even more disturbing is that genocide continues to happen today.

Completely agree…

10 years ago

This is a very good post about these camps. I visited there twice, in 1996 and 1997, the first time in February when it was very cold– that only added to the experience thinking about how the people suffered in that weather.
We took the train both times and didn’t have any problems.

Reply to  Jenna

Thanks, Jenna! It was freezing cold when we visited as well and I agree, definitely added to the experience.

10 years ago

When I went some eight years ago, I had a hired taxi but I had missed the English tour and so the driver arranged for me to join a city bus tour.  It started in Auschwitz 1 and there was a lot of emphasis on how the Poles, how they had been tortured, crammed into tiny places, shot, but there was almost no reference to the Jewws until we entered one of the gas chambers.  When we finally moved to the Birkenau site, the guide took us up into the watch tower, said a few words about Jews, selection, and how many the site had housed. … Read more »

Reply to  Dariv48

Wow, that’s really interesting and quite sad…our tour guide focused more on what happened to the people there and less about the composition of the people. Not sure if the signage has changed but it was quite clear that Jews made up the majority. As with many tours, I think the experience really does depend on the guide. It’s a shame that you got one who sounds perhaps a bit biased?

11 years ago

thanks for this thoughtful post. I think it’s important to remember and never forget this cruel part of history. I live in the Bavarian Quarter of Schöneberg in Berlin where before WW2 16000 Jews lived. In May 1943 no Jews “officially” lived here anymore. Some emigrated like Albert Einstein, who lived around the corner of my house, some went in the underground, the others were deported and/or killed. Since 1993 there’s a memorial here in the Bavarian Quarter with 80 two-sided plaques on 80 lampposts. It’s called “Orte des Erinnerns” (Places of Rememberance) and focus on the many small steps… Read more »

Reply to  Yvonne

Wow – thanks so much for sharing that info, Yvonne – still so much to learn about this horrible time period…

11 years ago

Actually your post inspired me to write a post about this memorial in my quarter. I also made a video as I just didn’t find the right words to write about it… would love to hear your thoughts…

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